Updated on March 16, 2017
How To Design A PCB With Professional Tips From Pcbnet
For those who are looking for some excellent tips to help them design premium printed circuit boards, Pcbnet is here to provide some guidelines. With certified engineers and skilled designers working in the team, it’s easier to give the basics in order to create an effective PCB that is exactly needed. The extensive experience range from assembling circuit boards with simple connection to complex designs required in commercial tech products. The general rules of thumb will surely help beginners to start their do-it-yourself project at home.
However, the tips that will be shared here aren’t specific to CAD software design although it will give an overview in order to clearly explain the methods in positioning the components and wiring them together.
Kindly check the following steps to help you begin the design process and achieve what you exactly need with Pcbnet techniques:
• Positioning components
In general, it’s appropriate to put components on topside of the circuit board. When positioning components, make certain that the “snap to grid” is on. Typically, snap grid should be at 0.050” to be able to complete the design properly. The components should be placed in the right positions including the heat sinks, mounting holes, LEDs, switches, connectors, and other items necessary in the entire PCB design.
• Positioning ground and power traces
After positioning the components in their proper places, next is to lay ground and power traces. It’s important to make use of solid ground and power lines when creating ICs because it is where the entire PCB will draw its functions. Through wide traces, components and wirings are connected to universal rails for all the supply. It’s also essential to steer clear of daisy chaining or snaking the power traces from part to part.
• Positioning signal traces
When positioning traces, it’s always better to make each as direst and short as possible. Feed-through holes or vias are often used in order to effectively shift signals from each layer. The “via” is actually the pad with plated through hole. Typically, the ultimate strategy in laying out the printed circuit board through vertical traces on the side while horizontal lines are used on the other side. Place “via” wherever it is needed in connecting horizontal traces to vertical traces on opposite sides.
• Checking the overall PCB design
After traces are positioned, it’s best to check the entire routing once again and verify potential problems in the circuit board such as missing component or incorrect wiring. To be able to do this, you can run through the schematic and check each wire. Also, you need to carefully follow each path or trace using the PC layout in order to verify correct actual layout. After confirming the traces are in the right places, marking the signals with yellow highlighter can help future repair.
After performing these basic steps, you can inspect the layout and ensure that all items are properly positioned. For instance, you can take advantage of Pad Information tool in order to identify pad diameters making the components. It will also help if you can check potentially missing vias. Pcbnet is here to guide you in every step of the entire process so you will know how to effectively design a printed circuit board with properly placed components and traces. However, note that vias aren’t mechanically inserted otherwise.
Always be careful in positioning metal components like connectors, batteries, switches, crystals, and heat sinks may cause shorts once they’re put over the lines on the topside of the layers. Check the shorts and put all metal components on the top layer’s printout. And now you know how to design a premium printed circuit board with the help of Pcbnet expert guidelines. If you queries or any concerns, don’t think twice about getting in touch with us (through whatever means you prefer). Rest assured that we are always available for customer concerns to provide them timely service and prompt response.